Surface transportation funding authorization through Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21), as well as previous authorizations, establishes FLMA transportation planning requirements. Among these requirements is the responsibility of FLMAs to conduct transportation planning that is consistent with metropolitan and statewide planning processes.

MAP-21 emphasizes multi-agency collaboration, de-emphasizes “stove-piped” funding, and establishes transportation system performance metrics. MAP-21 also creates two new programs: the Federal Lands Access Program (FLAP) and the Federal Lands Transportation Program (FLTP). The adoption of FLMA LRTPs is a benefit of participation in both programs.

FLAP funds projects that support transportation facilities or services owned and maintained by non-FLMA organizations, but that provide access to federal lands.

FLTP provides funding for transportation projects that facilitate access within the jurisdictions of five core FLMA partners: the U.S. Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Park Service.